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Indonesia (2018)

Indonesia has implemented Law No 2 of 2012 regarding Land Acquisition for Public Interest and its implementing regulations such as Presidential Regulation No 71 of 2012 and its revisions. The purpose of these regulations is to enable land acquisition for public interest while respecting those who have the land legal rights. The law required a fair land acquisition and resettlement process for those who have the land title and other legal basis. 


Without land title, however, there is no obligation on the part of the land owner to provide compensation for illegal non-land assets nor assistance to relocate and resettle displaced people. Indonesia legislation does not consider the rights of those who occupy land without land title or other legal basis. It is actually common that those who have the land title request the law enforcement agents to assist during involuntary demolition of illegal houses or other building structures to clear the lands. 

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